Many people think that all CBD products — regardless of whether derived from hemp or cannabis — are the same. Although they are similar in some ways, there are differences in their chemical makeup and the way CBD is extracted from each. Here is everything you should know about cannabis CBD and hemp CBD to decide which product is right for your needs.
Cannabis (marijuana) and hemp are two varieties of the same plant species, cannabis sativa. Cannabis CBD is derived from the lush flowers and foliage of the marijuana plant. Hemp CBD is extracted from industrial hemp plants grown primarily for their fiber and seeds. Because they share the same species name, hemp and cannabis are sometimes used interchangeably, though they may produce different effects in the body.
One of the differences between hemp CBD and cannabis CBD is their levels of THC and CBD. Under US law, a hemp plant must contain no more than 0.3 percent THC. The higher the THC content of a product, the more likely it is to produce intoxicating effects. For those seeking the medicinal benefits of the cannabis plant without its psychoactive properties, hemp-derived CBD is an ideal choice (and also legal in all 50 states).
Both hemp and cannabis contain cannabinoids and terpenes, which interact with the endocannabinoid system to produce effects on the body. The levels of cannabinoids will vary depending on whether a product is derived from cannabis or hemp. Cannabinoids and terpenes work together to form the “entourage” effect, which some studies note maximizes the therapeutic components of CBD. A good way to ensure you are taking advantage of the entourage effect is to opt for full spectrum CBD, which includes CBD as well as many other cannabinoids and terpenes while still remaining below the 0.3 percent legal threshold for THC. If you choose not to have any THC, choose a CBD isolate product, which only contains pure CBD isolate in a carrier oil.
While the legality of hemp CBD and cannabis CBD may differ greatly, so can the quality of a CBD product. Choose CBD extracted from sustainably farmed plants, like Vitagenne’s whole-plant hemp-derived CBD, which is harvested in Kentucky’s rich, fertile soil, ideal for growing CBD-rich hemp. All Vitagenne products are procured in an FDA registered, food-grade, GMP-compliant facility and are independently tested by third parties to ensure only the highest level of safety and quality.
While a CBD product may produce similar health benefits regardless of whether it was obtained from hemp or cannabis, knowing its origins helps you make an informed decision while also giving you peace of mind.
Erica Garza is an author and essayist. Her work has appeared in TIME, Health, Glamour, Good Housekeeping, Women’s Health, The Telegraph and VICE. She lives in Los Angeles.